SURROUNDINGS: FAUNA, FLORA AND TERRAIN
Pedroches Valley offers a wealth of biodiversity with both plant and animal species.
Emblematic species appear, such as the Iberian imperial eagle, the Iberian lynx, Bonelli’s eagle, the golden eagle, the Egyptian vulture, the otter, etc. It is also easy to see large concentrations of scavenger birds: griffon and black vultures. Together with these more visible species, other less visible species can also be found: freshwater mussels, stone martens, genets, great spotted woodpeckers, etc.
As night falls, the nocturnal fauna takes center stage, with its characteristic sounds: tawny owls, eagle owls, nightjars, amphibians, scops owls and the list goes on.
Coexisting with the wild fauna, along the routes we will also find flocks of sheep, and herds of cows, goats and Iberian pigs.
In Pedroches Valley we can find a wide variety of ecosystems: mountain olive groves, gallery forests, Mediterranean hills, grasslands. The holm oak pastureland predominates; Although the area of the Sierra de Cardeña and Montoro Nature Reserve is associated with Pyrenean oaks, cork-oaks and gall-oaks.
The topography is conditioned by the Pedroches Valley batholith (a giant mass of intrusive igneous rock) in its central area, which gives it a terrain of rolling hills. However, the north and south of the batholith, are characterized by more abrupt landforms, modeled by the erosion of rivers. The Sierras de Santa Eufemia and the Loma del Calatraveño-Buenavista stand out as well.